As someone who just ran her first half marathon in May, I know how much time I spent talking to friends and reading articles about fueling properly so that I could perform at the highest level possible.
In this article, we’ll cover just that—how to fuel for your first half marathon (although it will be applicable for anyone running a half marathon). We’ll discuss what to do leading up to the race, what to do on race day, and how to recover so that you’re properly fueled for race day.
Fueling While Training
An adage that many of my running friends repeated to me during my training was “nothing new on race day,” and that includes fuel. They encouraged me to experiment with different types of fuel ahead of time just like I would with clothing I was considering wearing for race day.
Experiment to Find What Works
Different people are going to have different preferences. One of my friends, who is an amazing runner, loves GU energy gels, but it just wasn’t for me. I much preferred the Gatorade chews.
Ask around and see what different types of fuel your friends are using and then try those options when you’re training and see how your body responds. You might discover something that you really love, or, conversely, something that you hate.
Just as it is important to try a variety of different outfit options to figure out what will be most comfortable for race day, trying different types of fuel will allow you to select the best option for your first half.
Foods to Try
Try anything that sounds interesting to you, but you should especially consider trying four different types of fuel.
Known as gels, sports gels, or running gels, energy gels are packets of caffeine, carbs, and electrolytes. Since it’s important to replace lost carbs and electrolytes when you’re running longer than 90 minutes, which almost everyone will do for a half marathon, gels can be a great fuel option for your first half.
You’ll want to take one to two energy gels per hour, but experiment to see what’s best for you. Depending on your size, you might need to take more or fewer per hour.
The great thing about gels in particular is that you don’t have to chew, which means they can be easier to use mid-run than other fuel options. Ideally, you’ll take a gel at least once during your half marathon during the half-way point to fuel up for the second half.
I opted to use Gatorade energy chews because I liked the taste, they fit easily in the small pocket that I had, and I knew exactly how much I was getting each time since it was contained in a small chew.
I personally took an energy chew every 3 miles, which worked well for me. I didn’t chew it, but instead sucked on it, which gave me something to do and distracted me when running got tough.
I tried a couple different flavors before my race to decide on the one that I liked best and didn’t cause any negative impacts in my body. It happened to be the green apple flavor, which was great motivation for my race because my favorite color is green.
Sports drinks can be very sugary, but they also provide electrolytes, which your body needs to replace what it’s lost through sweat. You might consider making your own sports drink that is less sugary like my brother-in-law has done or purchasing a less sugary option if you’re focused more on the benefit of getting electrolytes.
It’s important for your body to replace carbohydrates that it has lost during a long run, but some people don’t like all the processed sugar in sports drinks and energy gels and chews, so they prefer to eat real food.
This was the preference of some runners in Christopher McDougall’s book, Born to Run. You might consider trying nuts, pretzels, fig newtons, or even a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. These options will provide carbs, protein, and salt to help your body refuel.
What to Eat the Week Before Your Half
You’ll want to add some more carbs to your diet the week before your half. While it’s more important to carb load before a marathon, it’s still worth doing for a half because you’re likely going to be running longer than 90 minutes.
I personally tried to add some complex carbs, so I ate whole-wheat pasta with pesto sauce and tacos with whole-grain tortillas in the week leading up to my half. That way I could get in my carbs without it being too heavy.
You’ll also want to make sure that you’re hydrating properly. I drank plenty of water during the week before my race, and I drank one sports drink a day during the two days before my race so that I would have plenty of electrolytes in my body.
What to Eat the Night Before Your Half
The meal that you eat for dinner the night before your race is really important, so plan it out. This is not the time to go to McDonald’s and get a big Mac. You want something that is going to fuel you well for your race.
I personally opted for salmon, steamed spinach, and quinoa as my last dinner before my race, and that was a great choice. It gave me the fuel I needed, but it wasn’t too heavy, and I didn’t feel like I was overflowing.
What to Eat the Morning of Your Half
Even if you’re someone who doesn’t normally eat breakfast, don’t do that the day of your half. You want to give yourself something to get you going. I personally opted for a banana because I didn’t think I could stomach any more food.
I know other people who will eat half a bagel and drink some orange juice or eat oatmeal with berries on top. Figure out what’s going to be best for you by trying different options in the months leading up to your race.
How to Fuel During the Half
Now that you’ve prepared for the day of the race, it’s finally here, so make sure to knock it out of the park by fueling properly during your half.
Use the Method That Worked Best During Training
This is not the time to try something new. Use the fueling method that worked best for you during training. Whether that was gels or real food, don’t do anything different. Even if you see a new product at one of the fuel stations during the race, it’s probably not the best idea to try it because you don’t know how your body will react.
Hydration — Water vs. Sports Drink
The big question you might have is, “Should I use the on-course sports drink?” I would answer that it depends on how you’ve trained as well as what the weather is like.
If you’ve been drinking sports drinks during your training, it’s probably fine to use the on-course sports drink. But if you’ve just been using water, you might want to forego the sports drinks because it might be too much sugar in your body if you haven’t prepared for it.
Weather, though, might play a role. If it’s much hotter than you anticipated, you’ll be sweating more, which means that you’ll be losing more electrolytes. In that case, it might be good to take the sports drink during one of the fuel stations.
That’s what I did during my half. It was quite a bit hotter than many of my training runs had been, so I opted to take the sports drink at one of the fueling stations because I knew that the weather was impacting me and I wanted to replace the lost electrolytes.
How to Carry Gels, Chews, Etc.
Everybody is going to do things differently. Depending on how the race is set up, a friend or family member might be able to hold onto your fuel and give it to you mid-race so that you don’t have to carry it.
I personally had a small pocket in the top band of my shorts, which made it easy and comfortable to carry a few items. During my training runs, I could fit my keys and a couple chews, and, for my race, I included my hotel key and my chews.
How to Recover From Your Half
Don’t forget this last step—make sure that you get the proper nutrition to recover. I know the last thing that I wanted to do after my half was eat food. I was just so exhausted, but I took all the fuel that they provided once you crossed the finish line.
I slowly drank two Gatorades to replace the electrolytes I had lost and ate some nuts and a banana. I also made sure to stretch and not let my muscles get tight. After I showered, my family and I went out for lunch where I got a salad with some chicken tossed on top for protein.
Again, you want to be smart about what you eat after your half so that you don’t feel too empty or too full. Picking healthy options with some complex carbs, protein, and electrolytes are good options.
In the end, properly fueling for your first half will make your race that much more comfortable and enjoyable. It will ensure that you perform the best that you can because you’ll have plenty of fuel in your body!