We hope that you love our articles and find them useful and informative! In full transparency, we may collect a small commission (at no cost to you!) when you click on some of the links in this post. These funds allow us to keep the site up and continue to write great articles.

Possible Causes Of Foot Pain After Running

Pain is always uncomfortable, but foot pain is particularly annoying for runners. It impacts your whole workout and recovery. In this article, we’ll help anyone who is dealing with foot pain after running and wants to know why.

We’ll discuss potential causes (as well as treatments) for common foot injuries related to running. We’re not doctors, but some of this info might will help you figure out what’s ailing you. Hopefully, it’ll get you on the road to recovery as well.

General Reasons for Foot Pain After Running

If you’re trying to figure out what is causing your foot pain, start here first. If you aren’t dealing with a more particular condition, then you’ll find the reason here.

Increase in Running Mileage

This is the easiest reason to figure out. Have you been running way more than usual? Have you ratcheted up your mileage without giving your body time to adjust? Foot pain can happen after running if you’ve added too much, too soon.

Simply run less next week and don’t go as hard. If that solves the problem, then you need to make sure that you’re following the 10% rule and not increasing your weekly mileage by more than 10% every week.

Overpronation

Another reason might be overpronation. This is when you roll your foot inward as you move. Some amount of pronation is both natural and necessary, but there is a point where the motion becomes exaggerated. This puts extra pressure on your feet that you wouldn’t have if your feet were in a neutral position. In other words, overpronation can cause uncomfortable ankle and arch pain.

The first step of action is to check your shoes. If you’ve been wearing shoes that are worn out, then it might impact your gait. Time to replace those old shoes. If your shoes don’t seem worn, maybe you should try a different type of shoes, like stability shoes.

Weak Muscles/Joints

Finally, it could just be that your foot pain stems from having weak muscles and/or joints. This could be due to the fact that you have weak hips, poor core strength, or a hip drop in your gait.

To correct this error, start adding strength and stretching exercises to your routine. Having a strong core will help you become a better runner, so take time to do those planks and work through abs.

More Specific Causes of Foot Pain After Running

If you don’t think that any of the general causes we listed above describes your foot pain, you might have a more specific condition which will require its own specific treatment. Read on to find out which one best describes you.

Plantar Fasciitis

What and Where is It?

Plantar fasciitis is a common injury for runners. It can be characterized by a couple different type of pain. One is a stabbing or burning pain in your arch, especially in the morning. Other people feel as if their heel is bruised, again, especially in the morning. The pain tends to decrease the more active you are. During a run it might not even be a factor at all. But once you are off your feet after the run, it can reappear within an hour or so.

What is Probably the Cause?

Plantar fasciitis fundamentally is caused by an inflammation of tissues on the bottom of your foot. This can come from a few injuries, including simple overuse. It can also be caused by overpronation that isn’t corrected, or having tight arches and tight calf muscles. It’s particularly common for flat footed runners since they don’t have as much of an arch.

What is the Treatment?

The way to treat plantar fasciitis is to start stretching those calves. Some examples include a standing calf stretch, which you do by pushing against a wall with one leg bent forward, a towel stretch that pulls your feet toward you, and a single leg balance.

Another way is to roll your feet over a tennis or golf ball to increase blood flow and reduce pain. Chances are that your arches are too tight and need to be stretched out. Better yet, freeze a bottle of water and use that to massage the bottom of your foot. You get the massage and the ice therapy at once.

If you don’t see improvements after trying both of these activities, you might consider purchasing arch supports or orthotics to give your feet more support.

Bunions

What and Where is It?

Anyone who has had bunions before knows just how uncomfortable they are. They are deformities of the joints at the base of the big toe, and can be particularly painful if you don’t have much room in the toe box.

What is Probably the Cause?

Bunions can develop as a result of the shape of your foot, a foot deformity, or from arthritis, but it’s more likely due to wearing tight, narrow shoes. High heels are a likely culprit if you are a female who typically wears them for work.

What is the Treatment?

A simple solution is to make sure that you wear shoes that have a wide toe box. Altra is known for having plenty of space for your feet to splay. New Balance is another good option if you need more room.

You can also try bunion pads so that there isn’t any uncomfortable rubbing when you’re wearing shoes, especially while running. Bunion pads won’t correct your bunions permanently, but they will relieve pressure through an extra layer of cushioning between your toes and your shoe.

Finally, you might want to think about purchasing an orthotic. Instability in your arches can cause bunions, and an orthotic will give your arches more support. There won’t be as much pressure on your toe joint, and therefore on your bunion.

Achilles Tendonitis

What and Where is It?

As the name implies, Achilles tendonitis is pain in the Achilles tendon, the tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body and thus more likely to get strained.

What is Probably the Cause?

Achilles tendonitis typically occurs because of overuse, particularly sports-related. If you’ve been adding lots of miles and ignoring foot pain for a while, then there’s a good possibility that you might be suffering from Achilles tendonitis.

Your Achilles tendon also wears down over time due to age. So degeneration could be the cause of your Achilles tendonitis. If you’re an older runner or you’ve been running really hard for a while, you might be at a higher risk for Achilles tendonitis.

What is the Treatment?

First, because Achilles tendonitis tends to stem from overuse, you need to get off your feet and rest, ice, stretch, and massage those Achilles tendons. It might be annoying to take off a couple days or weeks of running, but it will save you from taking more off in the future.

You might also want to try some heel lift exercises to help take some strain off the tendon, and even consider changing your shoes. Shoes that are softer at the back of the heel can reduce irritation of the tendon.

If things don’t get better, seek help from a foot specialist. You may need to have surgery if your Achilles tendon has become ruptured, leading to a partial or total tear of the tendon.

Stress Fracture

What and Where is It?

Stress fractures are small cracks in a bone that cause pain and discomfort. They can occur anywhere on the body, but for our purposes, we’re referring to the ones on your feet.

What is Probably the Cause?

Stress fractures are likely caused due to spikes in mileage or too large of a mileage total. For example, if it was your routine to run 10 miles a week and you suddenly start running 30 miles, you could experience a stress fracture.

You also might be overstretching yourself. If the farthest you’ve ever run is five miles and then you decide to run 10 miles, it might be too large of a mileage increase for where your body is right now.

What is the Treatment?

Stress fractures in the feet can require some serious heeling because of how much we use our feet. Simply cutting back on mileage or using the RICE method (rest, ice, compress, and elevate) might not be enough. You need to make sure that you give your stress fracture time to heal; otherwise, it could get worse. And that often means taking your weight off the foot, whether with a boot or crutches.

If you don’t experience any improvements after icing and taking some time off, then you will want to talk to a foot specialist. They will probably recommend doing an MRI of your feet to see what the issue is.

Athlete’s Foot

What and Where is It?

If you’ve been running for a while and/or if you’ve been involved in other sports, you might have experienced athlete’s foot before. Or at least know someone who has! It’s a fungal infection that thrives in damp, sweaty places.

If your feet aren’t getting proper ventilation in your shoes, then you might experience this uncomfortable infection. Typically, you’ll also deal with itching between the toes and dry soles.

What is Probably the Cause?

Because athlete’s foot is caused by damp, sweaty places, you’re a more likely candidate for this condition if you typically wear damp socks and/or shoes. If you’ve been wearing cotton socks, you might want to swap them out for a more breathable brand.

What is the Treatment?

The way to get rid of athlete’s foot is to use anti-fungal cream or spray to kill the infection. Needless to say, wash your feet every day and dry them completely. If you’ve found yourself running in the rain, make sure that your shoes dry completely before wearing them again.

Ankle Sprain

What and Where is It?

The most common sprains are inversion ankle sprains. These happen when your foot is twisted inward. This stretches and damages the outer ligaments. Obviously, your ankle will hurt, but the pain can be in your foot too.

What is Probably the Cause?

When you roll your foot the wrong way, this can cause an ankle sprain. If you play other sports or like to run on trails, you are a more likely candidate for dealing with an ankle sprain.

What is the Treatment?

How you handle your ankle sprain will depend on how you personally feel. A lot depends on your level of pain tolerance. If putting weight on your foot does not hurt much, then using the ankle will improve recovery. Using an ankle brace or boot is useful. Sprains can vary greatly in degree, though. While you might be able to walk off a minor one, serious sprains require substantial rest and rehab to get the ankle back to normal.

Extensor Tendonitis

What and Where is It?

This cause is less common than the others than we have listed above. Extensor tendonitis is pain that is across the top of the foot or along the course of a tendon on the top of the foot. In other words, if the top of your foot hurts, it might be extensor tendonitis.

What is Probably the Cause?

Extensor tendonitis can be caused by a variety of reasons. If you are overusing your feet and running a lot, then you might be experiencing extensor tendonitis. It can also be caused by tight shoes (especially along the top) and running uphill a lot, because that pushes your toes forward.

What is the Treatment?

You’ll want to take some time off to rest, ice your feet, use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and do some calf stretches and strengthening. Your feet should be back to normal in no time. Just don’t go back to those tight shoes!

Final Thoughts

As a runner, you probably dread the idea of having to deal with foot pain, especially if you don’t know what is causing it. Fortunately, we have you covered. After reading this article, you probably have a good idea of what’s causing your foot pain and how to fix it.

Although it’s a pain to have to deal with, once you figure out what you need to do to treat foot pain, you know what you need to do differently going forward to make your runs as comfortable and pleasant as possible.

The Wired Runner